This program aims to provide the elements for improving environmental and social impact assessment skills for development projects. It will present the tools that can be applied for different project arrangements, ranging from more focused ESIAs to Strategic and Cumulative Impact Assessments to the design of frameworks for sectoral programs and Financial Intermediary projects. It will also strengthen the capacity for more effective supervision of safeguard issues during project implementations. Specific objectives include:
Construction of infrastructure projects can exert significant environmental and social impacts if not properly managed. Construction activities can bring about water and air pollution, noise, dust, and wastes. Communities can be affected by the use of local roads for construction, affecting traffic patterns and local infrastructure, increasing levels of noise and dust and other nuisances thus generating conflicts with local communities. Camps and camp workers can exert significant impacts on local communities. The mitigation of environmental and social impacts during construction requires the application of good practices and close supervision of contractors. The application of Environmental, Social and Health requirements during construction is a prerequisite for sustainable construction practices.
This seminar intends to provide participants with the basic knowledge of environmental and social impacts during the construction of infrastructure projects and the good practices that are available to manage them. It will also provide participants with the supervision tools to ensure compliance by contractors.
Development projects, especially those that entail adverse impacts, tend to disproportionately affect poor and vulnerable groups, including Indigenous Peoples communities. Thus, project preparation and implementation need to pay careful attention to such groups. Social assessment, or social analysis more generally, is an important tool to identify, assess and understand the social context for a proposed development project, particularly when involving indigenous peoples. It helps identify, assess and understand the potential benefits to local communities as well as potential social impacts and risks from project-financed activities.
Social assessment informs the design of development projects and aids in preparing specific social development, or social mitigation, plans such as an Indigenous Peoples Plan. If social benefits, impacts, and risks are not properly identified and assessed, the sustainability of the project, the social benefits and the reputation of the project proponent are placed at risk. Furthermore, without a good social assessment, a project runs the risk of being unable to adequately address the adverse impacts on local communities.
The significance of incorporating Indigenous Peoples concerns are recognized under the country safeguard systems in the Philippines. Specifically, the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (1997) is widely accepted as landmark legislation in safeguarding Indigenous Peoples communities, among other concerns.
This course intends to provide participants with an understanding of good practices, available tools, and the existing ADB and WB requirements as well as those under country systems concerning projects benefiting or affecting indigenous peoples in the Philippines. It focuses particularly on the requirements for a social assessment to assess the social benefits, risks, and impacts associated with development projects, but will also discuss requirements and good practices for consultations and appropriate measures to design projects benefiting or affecting indigenous peoples.
There are economic, social, and environmental risks associated with development projects requiring involuntary resettlement. These include, among others, loss of income resources for displaced peoples and communities, greater competition for resources, less applicability of productive skills, weakened community institutions and social networks, dispersed kin groups, diminished cultural identity, the traditional authority, and potential mutual help. Lack of or improper implementation of livelihood restoration contributes to the risks of resettlement. International organizations, such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank Group, and many governments have sound policies and standards to address such impacts. However, the capacity to implement these and to undertake sustainable programs to address resettlement impacts is often limited.
This course aims to provide participants with an understanding of theories and good practices concerning involuntary resettlement, including livelihood restoration programs for displaced persons. It also aims to introduce the participants to the policies and standards on involuntary resettlement of international financial institutions, such as those of the ADB and the World Bank Group. The course will familiarize the participants with the use of effective practices and tools to prepare, implement, supervise and monitor sustainable approaches to addressing the negative impacts associated with involuntary resettlement.
This course is open to participants who have a general knowledge of the EIA process and an interest in the protection of natural habitats and physical cultural resources in infrastructure projects. The course is given with detailed guidance tools available so that participants can share the content with their colleagues.
The interactive format of this course introduces participants to the various policy, sector planning and project options that are available to minimize and compensate for the long term impacts on biodiversity and physical cultural resources from infrastructure development. Policies, standards and guidance materials for covering biodiversity and natural habitats, as well as PCR, in EIA and SEA, are presented and discussed. The students will receive a complete set of existing manuals, guidelines, and materials on biodiversity offsets, strategic environmental assessment, biodiversity inclusive EIA and SEA, cumulative impact assessment, environmental design of infrastructure and management of biodiversity/PCR impacts during construction
This program intends to provide participants with the practical knowledge of planning and carrying out supervision of projects, especially World Bank- and ADB-funded projects, from environmental and social safeguard perspective to improve safeguard supervision and project performance. It exposes the participants to the different supervision tools and instruments that are available, and the required reporting needed after supervision.
Supervision of safeguard policies during the implementation of WB and ADB-financed projects is essential
This program aims to provide the elements for monitoring environmental and social safeguard policies of the World Bank and ADB during the implementation of projects, the tools to improve safeguard supervision, the tools and instruments that are available, and the reporting needed after such supervision.
This is particularly useful to environmental and social safeguard consultants, environment and social safeguards staff from project implementing units of various organizations (e.g., private and public agencies involved in WB and ADB projects) and local government units